Election Officials

GLOSSARY OF TERMS DATABASE

 

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Glossary Term Definition
Alert Time

The amount of time that a voting device will wait for a detectible voter activity after issuing an alert, before going into an inactive state requiring election official intervention.

alternative format The ballot or accompanying information is said to be in an alternative format if it is in a representation other than the standard ballot language and format.
American Party
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA):

The ADA is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life and all public and private places that are open to the general public.

anonymous contributions

Financial contributions made to an organized campaign, that do not require disclosure of the person or organization that made the contribution.

appeal

(1) When parties to an action request that a higher authority review a formal decision. (2) A formal process by which the EAC is petitioned to reconsider an Agency Decision.

Appeal Authority

The individual or individuals appointed to serve as the determination authority on appeal.

appeals process

The process in which decisions are reviewed after an appeal to a decision has been requested.

application for ballot by mail (ABBM)

A document used to request a ballot be mailed to a voter.

appointed at large

A member of a governing body who is appointed to represent a whole membership or population (notably a city, county, state, province, nation, club or association), rather than a subset.

appointed incumbent

A candidate who is currently serving in an office they were appointed to, and they are a candidate for election to the same office.

appointed member

A member of Congress who holds an office they were appointed to, and they are a currently a candidate for election to the same office.

appointed to serve until next general election

A person who has been appointed by a governing authority to fill a vacancy in a public office, that will be on the ballot in the next General election.

appointee

A person who has been appointed to a position in government by an appointing authority.

appointing authority

An officer or agency having power to make appointments to positions of public service.

apportionment

Process of dividing membership or voters.

appropriation

A sum of money or total of assets devoted to a special purpose.

Approval Voting

An electoral system where each voter may select any number of candidates, and the winner is the candidate approved by the largest number of voters. It is distinct from plurality voting, in which a voter may choose only one option among several, whereby the option with the most votes is chosen.

assembly

The name given to various legislatures, especially lower houses or full legislatures in states in federal systems of government.

assembly district

One of a fixed number of districts into which a state is divided, each district electing one member to the lower house of the state legislature.

assembly member

A person elected or appointed to the lower house of a state legislature.

assistance to vote

Voters with disabilities are allowed assistance from a person of their choice with limited exceptions.

assistant of voters

A poll worker or individual chosen by a voter to assist in the voting process.

Assistive Technology

An item used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of persons with disabilities.

Asymmetric Cryptography

Encryption system that uses a public and private key pair for cryptographic operation. The private key is generally stored in a user's digital certificate and used typically to decrypt or digitally sign data. The public key is used typically to encrypt the data or verify its digital signatures. The keys could be used interchangeably as needed, that is, a public key can be used to decrypt data and the private key can be used to encrypt the data.

at large

The whole membership or population (notably a city, county, state, province, nation, club or association), rather than a subset.

attest

Be a witness to or formally certify.

audio ballot A ballot in which a set of offices is presented to the voter in spoken, rather than written, form.
Audio Format

A ballot display format in which contest options and other information are communicated through sounds and speech.

audio function with headset and earphones

A ballot display format in which contest options and other information are communicated through sounds and speech.

audio-tactile interface (ATI) Voter interface designed to not require visual reading of a ballot. Audio is used to convey information to the voter and sensitive tactile controls allow the voter to communicate ballot selections to the voting system.
audit Systematic, independent, documented process for obtaining records, statements of fact or other relevant information and assessing them objectively to determine the extent to which specified requirements are fulfilled.
Audit Device

Device dedicated exclusively to independently verifying or assessing a voting systems' performance.

audit trail

Information recorded during election activities to reconstruct steps followed or to later verify actions taken with respect to election procedures and voting systems.

audit trail for direct-recording equipment Paper printout of votes cast, produced by direct-recording electronic (DRE) voting machines, which election officials may use to cross-check electronically tabulated totals.
auditor

A person who is performing an audit of any part of the election process.