A (77) | B (72) | C (171) | D (54) | E (99) | F (47) | G (15) | H (23) | I (15) | J (5) | K (1) | L (18) | M (54) | N (39) | O (40) | P (173) | Q (18) | R (132) | S (185) | T (69) | U (29) | V (152) | W (29) | X (6) | Y (1) | Z (4)
Glossary Term Definition
language assistance

The Voting Rights Act outlaws literacy- and language-based voting qualifications or prerequisites. Section 203 recognizes widespread voting discrimination against Alaskan Native, American Indian, Asian, and Hispanic language minority citizens and seeks to eliminate it by requiring the provision of minority language materials and assistance related to the electoral process—oral and/or written—to language minority groups. Other VRA sections, including 4(e) and 208, are also relevant to language access. The most recent reauthorization of the Voting Rights Act in 2006 extended Section 203 through 2032, and determinations were adjusted to occur every 5 years instead of 10.

language minority citizens

The language minority provisions of the Voting Rights Act require that when a covered state or political subdivision provides registration or voting notices, forms, instructions, assistance, or other materials or information relating to the electoral process, including ballots, it shall provide them in the language of the applicable minority group as well as in the English language. Covered language minorities are limited to American Indians, Asian Americans, Alaskan Natives, and Spanish-heritage citizens - the groups that Congress found to have faced barriers in the political process.

lawful permanent resident

Non-citizens who are lawfully authorized to live permanently within the United States.

legal holiday

A holiday established by law and is usually a non-working day during the year.

legislative branch
legislative initiative amendment

A ballot measure that proposes to amend a law.

legislative ratification

The act or process of formal confirmation of a law.

lever voting machine

Machine that directly records a voter’s choices via mechanical lever-actuated controls into a counting mechanism that tallies the votes without using a physical ballot.

lieutenant governor

The top election official in the states of Alaska and Utah.

Life Cycle

Systems engineering concept that identifies the phases that a system passes through, from concept to retirement. There are different concerns and activities associated with each phase of the life cycle.

limited ballot

A ballot with some, but not all of the contests that other voters are entitled to vote on in an election.

list of registered voters

A list of the individuals that have registered on an electoral roll where a voter resides, as a prerequisite for being entitled to vote.


Governmental jurisdictions below the level of the state including - counties, cities, districts, boroughs, and parishes.

local measures

A proposal to enact, amend, or repeal a new law, ordinance, or charter at the local government level that is placed on the ballot for approval or rejection by voters.

logic and accuracy (L&A) testing Testing of the tabulator setups of a new election definition to ensure that the content correctly reflects the election being held (i.e., contests, candidates, number to be elected, ballot styles) and that all voting positions can be voted for the maximum number of eligible candidates and that results are accurately tabulated and reported.
logical correctness Condition signifying that, for a given input, a computer program will satisfy the program specification and produce the required output.
look at BOTH SIDES of your ballot

Voting instructions reminding voters that election contests can appear on both the front and back of a ballot.

Low/No Dexterity Mode

An interaction mode with accessibility features for voters with no use of one or both hands or have low dexterity.