A (77) | B (72) | C (171) | D (54) | E (99) | F (47) | G (15) | H (23) | I (15) | J (5) | K (1) | L (18) | M (54) | N (39) | O (40) | P (173) | Q (18) | R (132) | S (185) | T (69) | U (29) | V (152) | W (29) | X (6) | Y (1) | Z (4)
Glossary Term Definition

Device that partially automates the process of checking in voters, assigning them the correct ballot style, and marking voters who have been issued a ballot. May be used in place of a traditional paper poll book. E-pollbooks can be stand alone at the precinct with a separate copy of the registration list or can be networked into a central voter registration system where they can check and update voter records in real time.

early voting Broadly, voting conducted before election day where the voter completes the ballot in person at a county office or other designated polling place or ballot drop site prior to election day.
early voting ballot board

A group of individuals, authorized by local authorities, who are charged with participating in or observing elections and voting procedures prior to election day.

early voting clerk

An official responsible for overseeing early voting.


The act of choosing a person to hold public office through a public election.


Candidates who received the highest or requisite number of votes in an election for public office.

Elected Office

An office that is filled primarily or exclusively via election.

elected officials

Individuals who have been elected to hold public office or candidates appointed in lieu of being elected to a public office.

elected to fill unexpired term

Elected positions have set terms of usually two, four, or six years. If there is a vacancy in the middle of a term, a candidate will be elected and only hold office until the end of the original term. For example, if an elected official retired one year into a four-year term, the next candidate would be elected to fill the remaining three years.

election A formal process of selecting a person for public office or of accepting or rejecting a political proposition by voting.
election administration process

The act of managing, running, and overseeing an election.

election assessment

An evaluation and analysis of any election or voting process.

Election Assistance Commission

Election Assistance Commission was created by the Help America Vote Act (HAVA) to assist the states regarding HAVA compliance and to distribute HAVA funds to the states. The EAC is also charged with creating voting system guidelines and operating the federal government’s first voting system certification program. The EAC is also responsible for maintaining the National Voter Registration form, conducting research, and administering a national clearinghouse on elections that includes shared practices, information for voters, and other resources to improve elections.

election authority

The official responsible for overseeing elections in a jurisdiction.

election ballot

The official presentation of all of the contests to be decided in a particular election. Either in paper or electronic format, the mechanism for voters to show their voter preferences.

election board

A group of individuals appointed, usually by local authorities, and charged with control of elections and voting procedure.

election calendar

The official list of key dates and voting deadlines for an election.

election campaign

A series of democratic activities to influence a political vote for or against candidates or ballot questions.

Election Certification

The act of confirming the final official results of a jurisdiction’s election. This event occurs after results from valid ballots are tallied from all sources (election day, absentee voting, early voting, provisional ballots, etc.) and results are validated and approved by those legally responsible.

election clerk

Any person who is involved with administering or conducting an election, including government personnel and temporary election workers. This may include any county clerk and recorder, election judge, member of a canvassing board, central election official, election day worker, member of a board of county commissioners, member or secretary of a board of directors authorized to conduct public elections, representative of a governing body, or other person engaged in the performance of election duties as required by the election code.

election code

The official laws that govern the electoral process.

election commission

A group of individuals appointed, usually by local authorities, and charged with overseeing elections and voting procedure.

election contest

A single decision or set of associated decisions being put before the voters (for example, the option of candidates to fill a particular public office or the approval or disapproval of a constitutional amendment). This term encompasses other terms such as “race,” “question,” and “issue” that are sometimes used to refer to specific kinds of contests. A single ballot may contain one or more contests.

election contribution

Anything of value given, loaned, or advanced to influence a political vote for or against candidates or ballot questions.

election databases Data file or set of files that contain geographic information about political subdivisions and boundaries, all contests and questions to be included in an election, and the candidates for each contest.
Election Day; election day

The last day on which voters may cast a ballot. Absentee ballots and early voting ballots may be cast in advance of Election Day.

election definition Definition of the contests and questions that will appear on the ballot for a specific election.
election district Contiguous geographic area represented by a public official who is elected by voters residing within the district boundaries. The district may cover an entire state or political subdivision, may be a portion of the state or political subdivision, or may include portions of more than one political subdivision.
election division

The department of government charged with administering elections.

election equipment

All of the necessary items to conduct elections and voting. This can include technology such as electronic poll books, voting machines, and other non-technical equipment including voting booths and voting signs.

election fraud

The misrepresentation or alteration of the true results of an election.

election inspector

The official responsible for the proper and orderly voting at a polling location or an election process.

Election Integrity

An election that is professional, impartial, and transparent in its preparation and administration throughout the electoral cycle.

election judge

The official responsible for the proper and orderly voting at a polling location or an election process.

Election Jurisdiction

A geographical area to which a practical authority has been granted to administer elections for political or administrative offices. Areas of jurisdiction apply to local, state, and federal levels. States, counties, cities, towns, and townships are all examples of jurisdictions.

election kit

A set of items that election officials need to assist voters at a voting location.